リサーチ - ザ・エコノミー


ザ・エコノミー
シニア・エコノミストのマイケル J. バズダリッチ Ph. Dが最新の経済データについて解説します。(英文のみのご提供)

4Q GDP Shows Slower Growth, but Better Than Expected

2019年02月28日時点

4Q18 GDP growth was announced today to have been at a 2.6% annualized rate. That pace is a bit slower than the 3.2% average growth seen in the first three quarters of the year. However, it is well above forecasts from Wall Street and from us that had projected growth around 1.8%.

It is widely perceived that economic growth has slowed in the last few months, a major factor behind the Federal Reserve’s decision to pause its rate hike operations. The issue has been how much growth had slowed and whether that deceleration would continue and threaten recession. Today’s news should allay the latter fears...for a while at least.

In the last few weeks, the economic indicators released by the government had become quite chaotic. After a very strong November gain, retail sales showed an even stronger December decline. Foreign trade data showed a sharp improvement in the trade deficit in November, following months of steady deterioration. Finally, wholesale trade data had shown a very sharp November increase in wholesale inventories. It does not appear that any of these swings were reflected in the 4Q18 GDP data.

That is, real consumer spending on goods was estimated to have grown at a 3.9% annualized rate in 4Q18, even though the retail sales data suggested a rise of only 1.0%. Similarly, the November data suggested that foreign trade would provide a good-sized boost to 4Q18 growth. Instead, the Commerce Department estimated trade to have been a drag on 4Q18 growth. Similarly, rather than a substantial boost to growth, Commerce reported inventory investment to have been a drag.

It is too early to know for sure, we’ll have to examine the GDP and related data in more detail, but it could be that retail sales, foreign trade, and wholesale trade data will all see substantial revisions to recent prints. Commerce has been adamant that the government shutdown did not result in any distortions to its data announcements of the last month. However, judging from the apparent discrepancies between the details of those reports and what was reflected in today’s 4Q18 GDP data, that statement is hard to credit.

As expected, the GDP data did show declines in business equipment investment and housing construction. However, those declines were not sharp enough to prevent a decent growth report for 4Q18.

Finally, the combination of slower growth and reduced inflation resulted in noticeably slower growth in nominal GDP. As seen in the accompanying chart, growth in nominal GDP has pulled back to the trend rates of the last 10 years, after a brief bounce in late-2017 and early-2018. The slow and steady growth in nominal GDP in this expansion signals to us that Federal Reserve policy has had only moderate effects on the economy and that, therefore, a sustained acceleration in inflation was not in the cards. The recent reversion to trend in nominal GDP growth lends further support to that assertion.

Growth in Nominal GDP
Growth in Nominal GDP

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis. As of 31 Dec 18


© Western Asset Management Company, LLC 2019. 当資料の著作権は、ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント株式会社およびその関連会社(以下「ウエスタン・アセット」という)に帰属するものであり、ウエスタン・アセットの顧客、その投資コンサルタント及びその他の当社が意図した受取人のみを対象として作成されたものです。第三者への提供はお断りいたします。当資料の内容は、秘密情報及び専有情報としてお取り扱い下さい。無断で当資料のコピーを作成することや転載することを禁じます。
過去の実績は将来の投資成果を保証するものではありません。当資料は情報の提供のみを目的としており、作成日におけるウエスタン・アセットの意見を反映したものです。ウエスタン・アセットは、ここに提供した情報が正確なものであるものと信じておりますが、それを保証するものではありません。当資料に記載の意見は、特定の有価証券の売買のオファーや勧誘を目的としたものではなく、事前の予告なく変更されることがあります。当資料に書かれた内容は、投資助言ではありません。ウエスタン・アセットの役職員及び顧客は、当資料記載の有価証券を保有している可能性があります。当資料は、お客様の投資目的、経済状況或いは要望を考慮することなく作成されたものです。お客様は、当資料に基づいて投資判断をされる前に、お客様の投資目的、経済状況或いは要望に照らして、それが適切であるかどうかご検討されることをお勧めいたします。お客様の居住国において適用される法律や規制を理解し、それらを考慮する責任はお客様にあります。
ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント・カンパニーDTVM(Distribuidora de Títulos e Valores Mobiliários)リミターダ(ブラジル、サンパウロ拠点)はブラジル証券取引委員会(CVM)とブラジル中央銀行(Bacen)により認可され、また規制を受けます。ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント・カンパニー・ピーティーワイ・リミテッド (ABN 41 117 767 923) (オーストラリア、メルボルン拠点)はオーストラリアの金融サービスライセンス303160を保有しています。ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント・カンパニー・ピーティーイー・リミテッド(シンガポール拠点)は、キャピタル・マーケット・サービス(CMS)ライセンス (Co. Reg. No. 200007692R) を保有し、シンガポール通貨監督庁に監督されています。ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント株式会社(日本拠点)は登録金融商品取引業者であり、金融庁により監督されています。ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント・カンパニー・リミテッド(英国、ロンドン拠点)は英金融行動監視機構(FCA)により認可され、また規制を受けます。当資料は英国および欧州経済領域(EEA)加盟国においては、FCAまたはMiFID IIに定義された「プロフェッショナルな顧客」のみを対象とした宣伝目的に使用されるものであります。
ウエスタン・アセット・マネジメント株式会社について
業務の種類: 金融商品取引業者(投資運用業、投資助言・代理業、第二種金融商品取引業)
登録番号: 関東財務局長(金商)第427号
加入協会: 一般社団法人日本投資顧問業協会(会員番号 011-01319)
一般社団法人投資信託協会
© Western Asset Management Company 2019. This publication is the property of Western Asset Management and is intended for the sole use of its clients, consultants, and other intended recipients. It should not be forwarded to any other person. Contents herein should be treated as confidential and proprietary information. This material may not be reproduced or used in any form or medium without express written permission.
Past results are not indicative of future investment results. This publication is for informational purposes only and reflects the current opinions of Western Asset Management. Information contained herein is believed to be accurate, but cannot be guaranteed. Opinions represented are not intended as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase or sale of any security and are subject to change without notice. Statements in this material should not be considered investment advice. Employees and/or clients of Western Asset Management may have a position in the securities mentioned. This publication has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. Before acting on this information, you should consider its appropriateness having regard to your objectives, financial situation or needs. It is your responsibility to be aware of and observe the applicable laws and regulations of your country of residence.
Western Asset Management Company Distribuidora de Títulos e Valores Mobiliários Limitada is authorised and regulated by Comissão de Valores Mobiliários and Banco Central do Brasil. Western Asset Management Company Pty Ltd ABN 41 117 767 923 is the holder of the Australian Financial Services Licence 303160. Western Asset Management Company Pte. Ltd. Co. Reg. No. 200007692R is a holder of a Capital Markets Services Licence for fund management and regulated by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Western Asset Management Company Ltd is a registered Financial Instruments Business Operator and regulated by the Financial Services Agency of Japan. Western Asset Management Company Limited ("WAMCL") is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority ("FCA"). In the UK and EEA countries, this communication is a financial promotion intended for distribution to Professional Clients only as defined by the FCA or MiFID II rules.